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Sam sua le cung via than Tai

Con vuong van chut it khong khi Tet, mung 10 thang Gieng hang nam, nha nha lai no nuc sam sua le vat cung via than Tai, mong duoc mot nam lam an suon se, dac loc dac tai.

Chi Chau, nha o duong Vo Thi Sau, TP HCM, cho biet: “Tet nhat ban ron voi nhieu ngay cung kieng, met la vay nhung den ngay cung via than Tai la toi lai phan chan han. Cau cho mot nam thuan loi, sung tuc ve tien bac thi ai lai chang muon. Tu mung 8 Tet toi da len danh sach nhung mon do can mua de chuan bi mam le thinh soan. Toi cung tu tay minh lo toan moi thu, khong nho va ai vi nghi phai tu tay minh thuc hien thi moi co thanh y”.

Hinh tuong ong than Tai quen thuoc moi nguoi voi guong mat hoan hi, tay cam thoi vang, nhung hieu ro ve vi than nay thi khong phai ai cung biet. Than Tai la vi than chu quan ve tai loc, duoc nguoi phuong Dong tho tu rat lau doi, vi moi nguoi deu mong muon minh co nhieu tien cua, cuoc song sung tuc.

Chuan bi mam cung than Tai. Anh: Hoang Hai Binh
Chuan bi mam cung than Tai. Anh: Hoang Hai Binh

Tuc tho than Tai cua nguoi xua phan biet: Van Than Tai va Vo Than Tai. Van than Tai phu tro cho nguoi theo nganh “van”, co nghia la nhung cong viec van phong, so sach, giay to, tho ca hoi hoa… Con Vo Than Tai phu tro cho gia chu theo nghiep “vo” nhu lam quan chuc, chinh quyen… Rieng viec kinh doanh thi “van”, “vo” deu tho than Tai ca.

Dung dau la Chinh nhat than Tai Trieu Cong Minh, co rau xom, mat den du ton, cuoi ho van, mot tay cam roi sat, tay kia cam chau tu bao, thong linh 4 bo ha gom Chieu Tai, Chieu Bao, Nap Tran, Loi Thi. Nhung tap doan kinh doanh, hay nhung cong ty lon thuong tho ong nay, vi mang lai tien lon. Cung Trieu Cong Minh than Tai vao ngay mung 5 thang Gieng am lich. Do cung het suc linh dinh, cong phu va thinh soan.

Hinh tuong than Tai pho bien nhat la Van Than Tai, doi mu canh chuon, rau den 3 chom, mieng cuoi rat tuoi, tay cam chau tu bao hoac thoi vang. Day la vi than duoc tho cung nhieu o trong nha, vi mang lai tai loc va giu tien cua cho gia chu. Ong thuong duoc tho chung o ban tho Tho - Dia, tao thanh bo 3: Ong Dia, Than Tai, Tho Dia.

Noi vui theo dan gian, thi cap bac cua Van Than Tai thuoc “Trung uong”, tuc la “cong chuc” truc thuoc Thien Dinh. Nhieu nguoi thuong nham Van Than Tai voi Tho Dia. Tho Dia doi mu vai, rau trang 3 chom, mot tay cam gay dau rong, mot tay cam 3 thoi vang. Tho Dia con mot ten khac la Phuoc Duc Chinh Than, la vi than trong coi ghi nhan va ban Phuoc - Duc cho gia chu. Noi cach khac, “tau so” cua Tao Quan hang nam ve chau co phan dong “nhan xet” cua Tho Dia. Neu gia chu co nhieu nha cua, dat dai, thi Tho Dia la nguoi lien ket va theo doi dien trach do. Xet theo cap bac, thi Tho Dia cai quan mot vung rong hon ong Dia, co “to dan pho”; con cap “quan ly” cao hon la Thanh Hoang, thoi xua cai quan ca mot lang, xa.

Con lai trong ban tho do la hinh tuong ong Dia: bung phe, tay cam quat. Day la vi than trong coi nha cua, noi nom na la “bao ve” nha, giong nhu Mon Than vay. Trong tam lien sau lung cac ong co ghi “tien hau dia chu”, thi ong Dia chinh la hinh tuong cua cac vi “chu dat” nay.

Trong vai nam gan day, tu nhung cong ty kinh doanh lon den cac gia dinh cung tho than Tai dung cach, nghia la ban tho Dia - Tai co du 3 ong, chu khong con nham lan than Tai voi Tho Dia nua. Ban tho Dia - Tai co mat trong hau het gia dinh Viet Nam, nhieu ban tho duoc gia chu day cong trang hoang len den may chuc trieu dong.

Cung Dia - Tai vao mung 10 am lich hang thang rat thinh soan: pho bien nhat la cung thit lon quay va che dau do. Tu xa xua, lon quay da la mon an dat tien va trang trong trong nhung dip le lon nen dung de cung te. Dan gian cung truyen tung than Tai thich an lon quay, nhung chi can cung man la duoc, vi than thanh thi van an man, chu khong can cung chay nhu cung Phat. Tuy nhien do an can tuom tat, vi ai cung muon tien vao “day du”.

Rieng ngay mung 10 thang Gieng moi nguoi thuong cung lon nhat, mot so cong ty ket hop khai truong vao ngay nay, do day la ngay via cua than Tai de may man thuan loi hon.

Cung via than Tai phai chuan bi mam le thinh soan co lon quay (nhieu nguoi thay bang ca loc nuong), mot mon man, mot mon xao, mot mon canh; trai cay co quyt, so ri, du du vang, dau phong song; bo tam sen; cai thao, he, xa lach, hanh la, tan o; mot dia xoi, 5 chum ruou, che dau do… Nhieu nguoi con cau ky luoc bap cai tim va dat bo tam sen gom trung, thit luoc, tom luoc len tren, voi y nghia hinh tuong bap cai luoc nhu ban tay dang nam giu tien. Co nguoi cung hoa vang khi cung via than Tai.

Hoang Hai Binh