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Xuat khau hat tieu van tang manh
Xuat khau hat tieu van tang manh </span>
Theo Hiep hoi Ho tieu Viet Nam (VPA), quy 1/2009 nuoc ta xuat khau duoc tren 27.075 tan hat tieu voi kim ngach 65,9 trieu USD, tang 93% ve san luong va 31,8% ve gia tri so voi cung ky nam 2008.

Suot 8 nam lien tiep (2001-2008) xuat khau ho tieu cua Viet Nam luon dan dau the gioi. Nam 2008, xuat khau dat gan 90.250 tan, kim ngach 310 trieu USD.

Ho tieu duoc mua

Ca nuoc da ket thuc vu thu hoach ho tieu nam 2009, tong san luong dat khoang 95 nghin tan, tang 4 nghin tan so voi nam 2008. Nang suat ho tieu ngay cang duoc cai thien, dac biet o Chu Se (Gia Lai), binh quan dat 5-7 tan/ha/vu, co vuon tieu cho 10 tan/ha/vu. Thi tran Nhan Hoa, huyen Chu Se co tren 100 ho trong tieu voi quy mo lon, dat san luong tren 30 tan ho tieu kho/vu, tham chi co ho con tru trong nha khoang 100 tan tieu kho.

Mac du gia ho tieu giam, hien chi bang 52% so voi cung ky nam 2008, nhung do nang suat cao, nen nguoi trong ho tieu van dat lai rong khoang 50% (nam 2008 lai rong 60% - 70%).

Bao cao cua To chuc Ho tieu the gioi (IPC) nhan dinh thi truong tieu den hien van am dam do thieu vang ca nguoi ban lan nguoi mua. Nguyen nhan khien gia tieu tren thi truong ky han An Do tu dau nam den nay tuot doc nhanh, la do nhung nha nhap khau cho doi gia tieu giam them khi vu thu hoach tai Viet Nam ket thuc, sau do ho moi tien hanh mua vao.

Viec gia tieu Indonesia duoc chao ban muc gia thap, trong khi nguon cung tu nuoc nay cung het suc han che, cang gay them suc ep giam gia cho thi truong tieu the gioi. Trong khi do, luong tieu tu tinh mien nam Kerala cua An Do hau nhu khong duoc ban ra do nhung nguoi trong tieu tai day ghim giu hang, ho cho rang muc gia hien tai la khong chap nhan duoc.

Do do, thi truong hat tieu giao ngay cua An Do cung het suc am dam. Nhu cau tieu thu noi dia An Do hien van o muc cao, uoc dat khoang 50.000 tan, va tinh hinh nguon cung han che co the se khien An Do phai nhap khau tieu de dap ung nhu cau trong nuoc.

Theo VPA, gia xuat khau binh quan mot so loai tieu tren the gioi trong thoi gian 18/4- 25/4/2009: tieu ASTA An Do gia 2.800 USD/tan; tieu 500gl Viet Nam gia 1.950 USD/tan; tieu B1 Brazil gia 2.100 USD/tan. Boi canh am dam cua thi truong tieu the gioi da keo gia tieu tai Viet Nam xuong theo, hien dao dong trong muc 30-33 nghin dong/kg.

Nguon cung hat tieu tren thi truong the gioi dang thieu hut, trong khi tai mot so nuoc nhap khau lon nhu cau tieu thu van chua duoc dap ung day du, so lieu thong ke tai cac nuoc nay cho thay tinh hinh nhap khau rat am dam. Hat tieu da va dang tro thanh mot phan khong the thieu trong thuc pham cua the gioi, do do nhu cau tieu dung hat tieu se khong sut giam manh du kinh te suy thoai, nguon cung hat tieu van bi gioi han va thieu hut ve cung rat de xay ra cung se thuc day gia tieu tang len theo dung quy luat cung-cau.

Vi vay, ve co ban thi truong hat tieu van nhan duoc suc nang do de thoat khoi da suy giam kha sau. Cac chuyen gia cua VPA  khuyen rang, cac doanh nghiep kinh doanh ho tieu khong nen xuat khau o at,  ma nen ban ra cam chung de chu dong chi phoi dieu tiet gia xuat khau.

Nhieu thi truong tiem nang

Nam 2009, trong boi canh nen kinh te toan cau suy thoai, nhung thi truong quan trong co xu huong giam nhap khau thi viec khai thac cac thi truong moi rat co y nghia doi voi nganh ho tieu cua Viet Nam.

Theo bao cao thuong nien nganh hang ho tieu Viet Nam nam 2008 va trien vong nam 2009 cua Trung tam Thong tin phat trien nong nghiep - nong thon (AGROINFO), hau het cac nuoc nam trong nhom 15 thi truong nhap khau ho tieu lon cua Viet Nam deu la nhung ban hang truyen thong trong nhung nam truoc day.

Nam 2008, kim ngach nhap khau ho tieu tu Viet Nam cua 15 thi truong lon nhat dat 226,04 trieu USD, chiem 72,91% tong kim ngach xuat khau ho tieu cua ca nuoc. My da tro thanh thi truong nhap khau ho tieu lon nhat tu Viet Nam, kim ngach dat 46.75 trieu USD trong nam 2008, tang 130,3% so voi nam 2007, nhanh chong vuon tu vi tri thu ba len vi tri thu nhat hien nay va chiem 15,08% tong kim ngach xuat khau ho tieu cua Viet Nam.

Xuat khau ho tieu sang Anh, Tay Ban Nha va Han Quoc cung tang truong kha tot, tren 45% trong nam vua qua. Trong khi do, xuat khau ho tieu cua Viet Nam nam 2008 sang mot so thi truong nhu Duc, cac Tieu vuong quoc Arap Thong nhat, Pakistan, An Do va Ukraine lai giam.

Ngoai ba thi truong chinh la My, Duc, Nhat Ban, theo AGROINFO thi con rat nhieu thi truong tiem nang doi voi xuat khau ho tieu nuoc ta. Nam vua qua, Ha Lan nhap khau gan 5.000 tan ho tieu tu Viet Nam voi kim ngach len toi 18,37 trieu USD, tang 17,2% so voi nam 2007. Nam nay, Ha Lan se tiep tuc la mot trong nhung thi truong tiem nang nhat cho xuat khau ho tieu cua Viet Nam.

Bulgaria la thi truong co muc tang nhap khau ho tieu lon nhat tu Viet Nam nam 2008 voi muc 509,8%. Nuoc nay da nhap khau 1.176 tan ho tieu cua Viet Nam, dat kim ngach 4 trieu USD. Tang truong kinh te cua Bulgaria trong nam nay duoc du bao 4,2%, va co the se tiep tuc tro thanh mot trong nhung thi truong co tang truong nhap khau ho tieu lon nhat tu Viet Nam.

Cac thi truong Han Quoc, Ba Lan, Philippines, Tho Nhi Ky... deu co tang truong nhap khau ho tieu tu Viet Nam vuot tren 100%. Boi vay, nhung thi truong tuy moi me nay dang duoc ky vong se la nhung thi truong ma cac doanh nghiep xuat khau ho tieu Viet Nam co the nham toi thay cho nhung thi truong truyen thong.